Located approximately 85 km north of Bangkok, the city was the Thai capital from 1350 to 1767. During this period Thai culture flourished, and Ayuthaya became a centre for international commerce.
The present day city is located at the confluence of the Chao Phaya, Pa Sak and Lopburi rivers. A canal joins them and encircles the town. Ayuthaya has many historic ruins, two museums and is a fascinating place to visit.
A daily bus service runs from Bangkok's Northern bus Terminal every 15 minutes from early morning until 7pm. Average journey time is 1½ to 2 hours. Trains leave from Hua Lampong Station in Bangkok every half hour from 4.30am to 8pm, and the journey time is 1¼ hours.
A more interesting way to travel is by long tail boat from Bangkok, but the trip is rather long going up river. It is better to take the bus or train to Ayuthaya then the boat back to Bangkok which takes around 3 hours. You will need to bargain hard for the fare.
You can hire a samlor or songthaew (a pickup truck adapted to carry passengers) by the hour. Boats are available at the palace pier for the circular trip around the city.